Farmer Tom Travels To Spain

Last fall Farmer Tom had a chance to take an international trip to Spain to participate in Spannabis.  I have a long history with one of the private cannabis social clubs in Barcelona, Greenardos.  I first met them when they stayed with us on the farm for about a month, four years ago. During their visit, they got ahold of one of my seeds — a cross between Amnesia Haze and our Power Kush– and it turned out to be an amazing phenotype.  The club has carried it at their location for the last three years, and it has been one of their top strains.

Farmer Tom Spain

 

Spannabis was a blast.  I got to connect with cannabis enthusiast’s from around the world — all the top players were there. During my stay in Barcelona, I was warmly welcomed — not just because my strain had won many competitions throughout Europe — the locals are just genuinely very nice, gracious people.

 

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One of the highlights of my trip was seeing BC Barcelona play football. We watched them win, and Messi score the winning goal.  I spent a day making high quality solvent-less hash with the Dank Duchess and Blue Eyes. I learned a lot and had a wonderful experience with these great people. The best thing about Spain was the food.  I had some of the most amazing, high quality food I’ve ever eaten. From the seafood — fresh from the Mediterranean Seat and North Atlantic — to the fresh fruits and veggies.  My favorite was Hamon — a kind of ham made 100% from Ibérico pigs who are allowed to feed and roam completely free range.  The stuff you live for.

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After Spannabis I spent a day touring LaRambla, where we stopped by Weedmaps Spanish headquarters, and also went to visit Sensi magazine’s Cannabis and Hash Museum.  I was warmly welcomed at both locations.  We sat on the roof and smoked fatties at Weedmaps, and I got a personal tour of the cannabis museum by the curator and manager — it was quite an experience.

 

International Collaborative Study Reveals The Neuroprotective Properties of Phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCA

SPAIN:  Advanced medical research conducted at Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC) as a collaborative effort between Phytoplant Research SL, VivaCell Biotechnology España SL, and Emerald Health Pharmaceuticals has unveiled the potent neuroprotective ability of Δ9-THCA, a phytocannabinoid produced in Cannabis sativa L. The research paper was accepted and published in the British Journal of Pharmacology.

The findings suggest that Δ9-THCA can potentially protect brain cells from degenerative diseases, such as Huntington’s disease, and could be a viable treatment option for patients suffering from debilitating neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

“We demonstrated that Δ9-THCA, the main non psychoactive phytocannabinoid biosynthesized by the Cannabis sativa L. plant, exerts neuroprotective action in its raw form without acting on the endocannabinoid system, but by activating the PPARγ receptors, thereby avoiding the undesired psychotropic effects. This finding will open a new range of cannabinoid neuroprotective applications,” said Dr. Xavier Nadal, Manager, Extraction R&D Department, Phytoplant Research SL.

Δ9-THCA is not only the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in marijuana but also an acidic phytocannabinoid. PPARγ is the nuclear receptor for some cannabinoids and PPARγ signalling has a role in neuroinflammation and epilepsy. As a potent PPARγ agonist, this effectual neuroprotectant exhibited neuroprotective and neuroinflammatory activity in an animal model of Huntington’s disease (HD).

 

New Study Explores The Diversity of Phytocannabinoids of Different Botanical Origin

An international team of leading researchers have paved the way to exploring the biomedical potential of phytocannabinoids, going beyond the THC structural motif and their occurrence in cannabis.

SPAIN: In the first ever attempt to include phytocannabinoids from additional natural sources apart from those derived from C. sativa, the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, the University of Córdoba, the Universita` di Napoli Federico II, the Universita` del Piemonte Orientale and Phytoplant Research S.L. have created the first comprehensive, critical, integrated and unified inventory of phytocannabinoids of different botanical origin.

The article focuses on the remarkable chemical and structural diversity of phytocannabinoids. As a result of a modular biogenetic scheme, phytocannabinoids are elusive in terms of chemical definition, and chemists found themselves in the situation of the US judge that, when asked to define pornography, answered: “I do not know how to define it, but I can recognize it” as commented one of the authors of the article.  To solve this issue, the authors propose a definition of “cannabinoid” inspired by the way these compounds are formed in Nature.

Cannabinoids are very important for the study of brain function. “Using a musical metaphor, if neurotransmitters are notes, endocannabinoids are their overtones, what make the sound of a violin different from that of a flute or a car’s horn,” said Professor Giovanni Appendino at the Universita` del Piemonte Orientale, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Novara.

The study explores the relationships between phytocannabinoids from different sources like higher plants, liverworts, bacteria and fungi. It outlines the basic chemical and biological profile of the various structural types of phytocannabinoids, their biogenetic relationships, chemical interconversions and biomimetic synthesis from terpene derivatives and resorcinols. The paper also highlights the opportunities that the psychotropic constituents of marijuana (Δ9-THC, its isomer Δ8-THC and CBN) offer to access desirable drug-like space beyond those associated with cannabinoid receptors and narcotic targets CB1 and CB2.

Regarding the medical potential of cannabinoids, Professor Hanuš commented: “Man cannot beat nature and patients cannot be prohibited from taking medicines that help them.”

Cannabis Smokers’ Clubs Make Barcelona New Amsterdam

SPAIN:  A FAINT smell of cannabis smoke hangs in the air as Susana relaxes on the sofa with her mother Juana and lights up a joint.

Welcome to Pachamama — one of the hundreds of cannabis clubs that are making Barcelona rival Amsterdam as a smoker’s haven.

With shelves full of books and board games the place could be someone’s sitting room, but for a hookah pipe and photographs of hemp plants like the ones the club grows.

Smokers’ groups say some 700 such associations have sprung up in Spain due to a legal loophole.