Just like its name suggests, urine drug testing procedures test the urine for any traces of substance abuse. The procedure is quick and painless, as it simply requires you to provide your urine as a sample for the test. Using this sample, your urine can be tested for alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, marijuana, opioids (narcotics), PCP, and benzodiazepines.
A lot of companies these days are requiring their employees to go through drug testing procedures. One of the main reasons why this is done is because a good number of states mandated to drug test workers. However, it’s not all about that because there are also certain policies that protect the privacy of the tested person. Nevertheless, if you are required to take a drug test by a potential employer or for any other reason, it’s important that you know what to expect from the procedure.
Types of Urine Drug Tests
Today, there are two different types of urine drug tests. Immunoassay is the first test type which is a cost-effective drug test that yields results quickly. There are, however, drawbacks to using this kind of urine test. This is because the test sometimes gives out a false positive result, wherein the test brings a positive result for drugs even though the person is not taking any drugs. This is due to medicinal residue left in the system that can trigger drug tests in numerous ways. When this happens, you’ll have to retake the test again.
Once the drug test comes out positive but you deny using any drugs, you’ll be required to take the second urine drug test type known as gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The second test uses the same urine specimen as the first test. These tests are usually more expensive and could take longer to produce test results. On the plus side though is that they rarely give out any false positives.
Taking the Urine Test
No matter what drug you’re testing for, taking a urine test at the lab and at home basically follow the same process – you urinate into a cup. At home, you’d need a specimen container and a drug testing kit to administer the test. At the lab, the following steps normally take place:
- You will receive a specimen cup from the person administering the test
- You will have to leave behind your belongings in another room as you take the test. There are some instances wherein you may be required to change into a hospital gown so you can easily take the test.
- To make sure that you don’t try to skew the test results, a nurse or a technician may accompany you into the bathroom.
- Before starting, make sure to clean your genital area with the provided moist cloth.
- Start urinating into the toilet, as you would normally do.
- While you are urinating, make sure to catch sample into the cup midstream. Don’t let the cup touch your genital area.
- When done, put a lid on the cup. Bring it to the technician so it can be processed.
Once you have supplied your specimen sample, the technician or nurse will inform you of when your test results will be available. With the use of an Immunoassay test, you should be able to get your results right away. In the event that your test results to positive for illegal drugs you haven’t taken make sure you request for a GC/MS test right away.