New Report: Half Of All Marijuana Arrests In Montana Are For One Gram Or Less

A new study analyzes 2007-2018 FBI arrest statistics and estimates that each marijuana arrest costs the state over $10,000

MONTANA:  New Approach Montana, the 2020 ballot campaign backing CI-118 and I-190, has published a report analyzing marijuana arrests in Montana from 2007 through 2018. The report is based on statistics from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program and is authored by Jonathan Gettman, Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at Shenandoah University.

The report notes that, “from 2009 to 2018, Montana law enforcement officers arrested 13,715 people for marijuana offenses, 95% of them for possession.” Using figures from the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics, the report also analyses the costs associated with these arrests and estimates the state spends $10,679 per arrest. The 56-page document provides detailed data tables showing trends in arrests, racial disparities in arrest rates, and arrests by counties.

Ken Linzey, a retired Montana corrections officer, commented, “This report provides the data to verify what many of us in law enforcement already know to be true anecdotally: arresting adults for marijuana is a colossal waste of resources. On top of that, we’re needlessly ruining a lot of young people’s lives — in many cases for less than a gram of marijuana. The current system simply doesn’t serve the people of Montana.”

The report’s other key findings include:

  • In 2018, roughly one out of 20 of all arrests in Montana was marijuana-related.

  • Over 80% of all marijuana arrests, including those for sales, involve seven grams or less.

  • Montanans under the age of 25 accounted for 62% of marijuana arrests in the 10-year period from 2007 to 2016.

  • The vast majority (98.7%) of marijuana violations in Montana from 2007 to 2016 were not associated with other criminal offenses.

  • In 2018 the marijuana possession arrest rate in Montana for Native Americans was 1.9 times higher than the rate for whites. For Black Montanans, the arrest rate is 5.3 times greater than for whites.

  • The report notes that individuals with an arrest record for marijuana can face long-term consequences, such as difficulties in getting a job, accessing affordable housing, and qualifying for college loans.

Governor Wolf: Legalization Of Adult-Use Cannabis Can Lead To Economic Gains And Restorative Justice For Pennsylvanians

PENNSYLVANIA:  Governor Tom Wolf visited The Mountain Center in Tobyhanna, Monroe County today to talk about the economic growth potential and restorative justice benefits of legalizing adult-use cannabis, something the state General Assembly has not yet done despite multiple requests from the governor and Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman to take up legislation this fall.

“This year, I again went to the General Assembly and asked them to make legalizing adult-use cannabis a priority for the fall as we work to find ways to overcome the economic hardships of the COVID-19 pandemic,” Gov. Wolf said. “To date, there has been no movement to advance legislation. So, I’m here today to ask again, and to focus on two particular benefits of legalization – potential economic growth and much-needed restorative justice.”

The governor described how legalizing adult-use cannabis offers the same potential for economic growth that the historic farm bill of 2018 did for hemp farming after decades of government prohibition of the industry.

Hemp was once a widespread crop in Pennsylvania, cultivated in the commonwealth for more than 250 years and grown for seeds, fibers and extracts. Though they look similar, the governor was quick to point out that hemp is not marijuana. Hemp and marijuana are two different varieties of the same plant species, but hemp does not contain high levels of THC, the chemical that makes marijuana a controlled substance.

“Much of our knowledge about how to grow, process and use hemp was lost after industrial hemp was regulated and banned along with marijuana in the 1930s,” Wolf said. “And Pennsylvania lost the benefits of an industry with a long history of providing jobs and resources here in the commonwealth. When hemp and marijuana were banned, we didn’t just lose jobs, we lost decades of research opportunities, innovation and economic growth.”

The governor was joined by Representative Maureen Madden and hemp farmer Eric Titus White.

White described how his hemp farm has provided him with economic opportunities along with a chance to literally put down roots in his home state of Pennsylvania.

“The cannabis plant is capable of stimulating our economy, healing our soil, and bringing the focus back to natural medicine and natural farming,” White said.

“I fully support the administration’s efforts to introduce the legalization of adult recreational cannabis in such a way that invests much-needed financial resources in our underserved communities and enacts restorative justice programs throughout the Commonwealth,” Rep. Madden said.

Monroe County Senator John Blake offered his support for adult-use cannabis legalization.

“I appreciate the work of the Governor and the Lt. Governor to gauge public support for the legalization of adult use cannabis and also to weigh the potential economic benefit of legalization in PA,” Blake said. “Pennsylvania’s medical marijuana program has proven to be among the best in the nation and I believe strongly that many of the protocols, regimens and controls could be replicated to ensure positive economic benefit and proper regulation of adult-use cannabis in our Commonwealth.”

Along with stressing that legalizing adult-use cannabis will create economic growth opportunities, the governor focused on how cannabis criminalization laws have disproportionately harmed minority communities in Pennsylvania, and contributed to economic harm and trauma in historically disadvantaged areas of the state.

“Every year in Pennsylvania, another 20,000 people get cannabis-related criminal charges that can keep them from getting the jobs and housing they want,” said Lt. Gov. Fetterman. “It’s time we stop ruining people’s futures over something that’s already legal in several states and something that most Pennsylvanians don’t even think should be illegal.”

“We are taking steps to reverse the injustices caused by marijuana criminalization,” Gov. Wolf said. “In 2018, I signed the Clean Slate bill, which allows for the sealing of records for certain low-level offenses if a person has been free from convictions for ten years. That law can be applied to certain marijuana-related offenses, and the Board of Pardons has expedited pardons for low-level marijuana offenses. But there is much more that needs to be done to reverse decades of injustice. And we need to start by decriminalizing cannabis and legalizing it for adult use.”

Cannabis Legal Trends To Watch In 2018

By Sharon Golden

Ever since you were young, your family was very problematic. There was never a day when you didn’t hear your parents shouting and arguing with each other. You would often lock yourself in your room as an escape from all the tension in the house. You’d rather be alone rather than be in a situation where everyone around you is shouting. As you got a little older, you opted to use marijuana to relieve the stress, anxiety and fear that your family brings you. This has been legal in the state you’re living, so you don’t worry about violating any laws whenever you use marijuana. Because of this, marijuana has become your escape whenever things don’t go according to plan. You’ve been using this almost every day because the relief it gives you is exceptional. Since you’re looking forward to use marijuana in the coming years, you’re very curious on the marijuana legal trends to watch in 2018. You’re excited to know how you can use marijuana in more ways than one.

  1. Marijuana will be used in sports: Sports organizations have gradually acknowledged the fact that marijuana has helped players in treating physical ailments and improve the condition of their nervous system. Aside from that, marijuana has been used in the past to treat sports-related injuries. Yes, marijuana can do all of those things. Some of the players who have been using marijuana are Bryon Morris, Michael Phelps and Nick Diaz. Additionally, National Basketball Association (NBA) has already given a statement which now allows their players to use marijuana. Given that the NBA is one of the most recognizable sports organizations in the world, it won’t be long before other organizations will also follow their lead!
  1. Marijuana will be used in healthcare: More and more health professionals are slowly adapting marijuana in some of their medical treatments. It has been found that marijuana is effective in treating medical conditions such as muscle spasms, nausea and even Crohn’s disease. Researcher is also in the works to determine what other ailments or diseases can be treated with medical marijuana. As such, you can expect that medical marijuana will be prominent in different states across the globe by 2018.
  1. Marijuana will be taught in schools: Yes, you’ve read that right. Because marijuana has made notable advancements in the medical and recreational markets, there are certain states  which offer marijuana-related college courses. In California for example, a university in Irvine is currently developing an interdisciplinary research center which aims to investigate marijuana. Consumers can also educate themselves with marijuana classes and tours that allows them to learn about the differences of using marijuana medicinally and recreationally. With all of these efforts, more people will learn about the benefits of marijuana and will no longer consider the drug as something that deteriorates health.
  1. Marijuana will be in pet food and treats: Not only is marijuana beneficial to human beings but to pets, too. The number of pet owners who find the medical advantages of using hemp formulas is gradually increasing and demand is developing quickly. The industry is now seeing an increase of companies which would produce and sell wellness items for pets which contains marijuana as one of the main ingredients.
  1. CBD oils will be successful: Cannabidiol is the part of the marijuana plant that doesn’t cause the certain side effects associated with marijuana use. Because of this, CBD oils are now used in medical marijuana to treat pain or the symptoms associated with chemotherapy. With the ever-changing marijuana map and the progress of research in marijuana in the field of medicine, the CBD oil industry is expected to have a boost in profits in the coming years.
  1. Marijuana will be available in deliveries: You can now purchase marijuana in different ways and one way of doing this is by having it delivered to your doorstep. There are also big players in the industry which funded millions of dollars to allow marijuana to have a delivery service and to fulfill all of your marijuana needs right in the comforts of your home!
  1. Marijuana will be in holistic and wellness products for you: You can now soothe your body, mind and soul with marijuana as this will be present in body creams, shampoos and even supplements. You’ll have more ways of enjoying your favorite marijuana!

For sure, you’ll be able to use marijuana in different ways this 2018. There are now a lot of mediums available on how you can enjoy marijuana. Since this is legal in your state, no one will ever hinder you from using it the way you want. You can have the liberty to use marijuana wherever, whenever. So if this is the only drug that gives you pleasure, go ahead and indulge yourself!

However, there are some states around the world where it is illegal to use cannabis in any way. If you or you know someone who has been involved with the law due to cannabis use, this website can be of very great help.


Sharon Golden has been a law writer and businesswoman for more than 20 years, and she is currently working on his next big project. Her pieces offer knowledge on various law topics that are easily understandable to the common reader. Sharon cannot be separated from Sophia, their family dog. When Sharon has the time, she’s always seen walking Sophia around the city.

MMJ International Holdings Pursuing Legal FDA Cannabis Medicine Approval

NEW YORK: MMJ International Holdings announced that its affiliate, MMJ Bioscience, has finalized a partnership agreement with Terra Life Science group, a private Canadian based pharmaceutical manufacturer, to produce cannabis medicines for the groups FDA approved studies.

Last weeks announcement by Attorney General Sessions on the recision of the Cole Memorandum positions MMJ International Holdings as one of the only privately help companies pursuing the legal regulatory guidelines designated by the federal government for approval of a cannabis medicine.

Tim Moynahan, MMJ BioSciences chairman stated, ”The seasoned leadership team at MMJ BioSciences understands and executes its progressive development strategy in a legal, regulatory and fiscally responsible manner. Our company’s success is the result of our focus on identifying patient medical needs and addressing these patients needs by developing FDA approved medicines from the cannabis plant.”

Tim Moynahan added, ”We are excited to be a partner with Terra Life Sciences. This agreement enables MMJ BioScience with a significant product development capability. We anticipate a number of important synergies between the two companies that will be addressing patients needs with MMJ BioScience’s U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) multiple sclerosis study beginning soon.”

Dr. Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, MMJ BioScience’s principal investigator is a Professor of Neurology at the State University of New York at Buffalo who serves as Executive Director of the New York State Multiple Sclerosis Consortium. Dr. Weinstock-Guttman will oversee the FDA approved study exploring the potential therapeutic applications of cannabinoids for progressive multiple sclerosis patients.

In late 2017 MMJ BioScience had submitted an application with the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval of a new pharmaceutical drug. As a result of FDA application and Terra Life Sciences partnership, MMJ Bioscience now will offer excellence in cannabinoid medicine manufacturing that solves dosing issues by utilizing various delivery systems such as softgel pills, liquids, topical sprays and liposomes, with capabilities for quick release, sustained release and targeted release of cannabinoid medicines. Unlike other cannabis-type medicines, MMJ BioScience’s medicine is plant derived. When approval is received from the FDA the new medicine would be on sale across America as an approved drug.

MMJ BioScience’s expected approval by the FDA for its new medicine would have a major impact on the state to state federally illegal cannabis industry. In addition to Attorney General Sessions recent recision of the Cole Memorandum the FDA had also issued several cease and desist letters to firms that are marketing unapproved cannabinoid products. Whereas non-pharmaceutical companies cannot export their products across state lines, MMJ BioScience would be able to sell its medicine in pharmacies once prescribed by physicians.