Search Results for: recreational

Washington Liquor and Cannabis Board To Hold Public Hearing On Recreational Marijuana Home Grows

Agency tasked by new law to conduct study and make recommendations to Legislature by Dec. 1, 1017

WASHINGTON:  The Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board (WSLCB) will hold a public hearing on Wed. Oct. 4, 2017, to receive public input on whether the State should allow home grows of recreational marijuana. The public hearing is during the regularly scheduled 10:00 a.m. Board meeting at its headquarters at 3000 Pacific Avenue in Olympia. Due to space and parking restrictions, the WSLCB encourages written public comment. Written public comment may be submitted by email through Oct. 11, 2017 at or hard copy at PO Box 43080, Olympia, WA 98504.

Note: The Board may adjust the testimony time allotted to each speaker based on the number of attendees to ensure that everyone has time to testify. 

Legislation enacted in 2017 directs the WSLCB to “conduct a study of regulatory options for the legalization of marijuana plant possession and cultivation by recreational marijuana users.” The study must take into account the “Cole Memo,” issued by the United State Department of Justice in 2013, which outlines the federal government’s enforcement priorities in states where medical or recreational marijuana has been legalized or decriminalized. The study and recommendations are due to the Legislature on Dec. 1, 2017

“The agency is actively engaging other states, the public, the industry and stakeholders. We know there are many perspectives to this issue and we want to ensure they are captured for our report and recommendations,” said agency director Rick Garza.

The WSLCB is seeking input on three options at the public hearing:

Option 1: Tightly Regulated Recreational Marijuana Home Grows

  • Statutory provision that allows law enforcement to seize and destroy all plants if beyond limit;
  • This option allows recreational home grows under a strict state regulatory framework based on the Cole Memo:
  • Requires a permit;
  • Four plants maximum per household;
  • All plants must be entered into the state traceability system;
  • Requirements for security, preventing youth access, preventing diversion, etc.;
  • Jurisdiction is shared between WSLCB and local authorities
  • Allows recreational growers to purchase plants from licensed as long as growers have a permit;
  • Same restrictions on processing marijuana that apply to medical marijuana (no combustible processing).

Option 2: Local Control of Recreational Marijuana Home Grows

  • This option is based on statewide standards including requirements for security, preventing youth access, preventing diversion, etc.;
  • Limits plants to 4 per household;
  • Allows recreational growers to purchase plants from licensed as long as growers have a permit.
  • Requires a permit to possess plants.

Difference from Option 1

  • Does not require plants to be entered into traceability
  • Authorized, controlled, and enforced by local jurisdictions;
  • State sets minimum requirements. Local jurisdictions can be more restrictive.
  • Home grows are prohibited without local permission;

Option 3. Recreational Home Grows are Prohibited

  • This option preserves the status quo. Recreational home grows continue to remain prohibited:
  • A regulated market exists today with statewide access;
  • Recreational home grows may provide a cover for diversion;
  • The Cole Memo is concerned with diversion, youth access, and the criminal element;
  • Home grows for medical marijuana are allowed as well as cooperatives.

Among the eight states that have legalized recreational marijuana, Washington is the only state that does not allow marijuana home grows. Washington allows authorized patients to have limited grows for medical purposes or to be part of a four-member medical marijuana cooperative if the cooperative registers with the WSLCB and the local jurisdiction does not object.

Those wishing to view the public hearing may watch via WebEx. The live link will be posted to the Board Meeting webpage of the WSLCB website at at least 24 hours in advance of the meeting.

OLCC Announces Spring 2017 Recreational Marijuana Workshops

OREGON: The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC), along with the Oregon Department of Agriculture, the Oregon Department of Revenue, and Franwell Metrc – the provider of Oregon’s Cannabis Tracking System (CTS), will hold Recreational Marijuana Program licensee workshops around the state in May, 2017.

The workshops will be held in Eugene at Lane Community College on May 3, in Ashland at Southern Oregon University on May 4, in Newport at the Best Western Agate Beach on May 11, and in Bend at the Riverhouse on the Deschutes on May 18th.  At this time the Oregon Department of Revenue will present only at the Newport and Eugene workshops. Registration is now open. The workshops will include program updates and information on:

  • Update on Rules & Licensee information
  • Pesticides
  • Packaging and Labeling
  • Cannabis Tracking System – Bring Your Own Device/Data (BYOD) – Metrc will answer your questions
  • Taxes: Collecting & Reporting

There will be two tracks offered, one for producers and processors, and another for wholesalers and retailers.  The content will be tailored to the license categories.


9:30 a.m             Check-in

10 a.m.               Pesticides

10:45 a.m.          Break

11 a.m                Packaging & Labeling

12 p.m.               Lunch Break – Networking

1 p.m.                 Rules & Compliance

1:45 p.m.            Metrc

2:45 p.m.            Break

3:00 p.m.            Taxes

3:15 p.m.            General Q&A session


9:30 a.m             Check-in

10 a.m.               Rules & Compliance

10:45 a.m.          Break

11 a.m                Metrc

12 p.m.               Lunch Break – Networking

1 p.m.                 Pesticides

1:45 p.m.            Packaging & Labeling

2:45 p.m.            Break

3:00 p.m.            Taxes

3:15 p.m.            General Q&A session

The workshop is open to all licensees or their representatives; one licensee per track.  Non-licensees can register but will be waitlisted until licensees have had the opportunity to register.

Note:  Anyone who registers for the workshop, is a “no-show” and doesn’t cancel their reservation will be placed on a “no-show” list.  Anyone on the “no-show” list will be restricted from registering for future OLCC workshops until other licensees have registered. Interested parties can register here for the workshops.

OLCC Updates Cities/Counties Prohibiting Licensed Recreational Marijuana Facilities

OREGON: The following cities or counties have prohibited the establishment of Licensed Recreational Marijuana producers, processors, wholesalers, and/or retailers.

The cities or counties listed below have:

  • Provided the OLCC with a copy of their ordinance, per Chapter475B.
  • Signed and returned the official “Local Option Opt‐Out” form which can be found at
  • Have put or will be putting the opt-out measure to a vote at the next general election (ifapplicable).
Affected City/County Producer Prohibited (Y/N) Processor Prohibited (Y/N) Wholesale Prohibited (Y/N) Retail Prohibited (Y/N) To Be Put On 2018 General Election (Y/N)
Adrian Y Y Y Y N
Athena Y Y Y Y N
Aumsville Y Y Y Y N
Baker City Y Y Y Y N
Baker County Y Y Y Y N
Boardman Y Y Y Y N
Burns Y Y Y Y N
Canby Y Y Y Y N
Canyon City Y Y Y Y N
Canyonville Y Y Y Y N
Central Point Y Y Y Y N
Coburg Y Y Y Y N
Cove Y Y Y Y N
Creswell Y Y Y Y N
Crook County Y Y Y Y N
Culver Y Y Y Y Y
Dayville Y Y Y Y N
Douglas County Y Y Y Y N
Eagle Point Y Y Y Y N
Elgin Y Y Y Y N
Enterprise Y Y Y Y N
Fairview Y Y Y Y N


Affected City/County Producer Prohibited (Y/N) Processor Prohibited (Y/N) Wholesale Prohibited (Y/N) Retail Prohibited (Y/N) To Be Put On 2018 General Election (Y/N)
Gaston Y Y Y Y N
Grant County Y Y Y Y N
Grass Valley Y Y Y Y N
Haines Y Y Y Y Y
Halfway Y Y Y Y N
Halsey Y Y Y Y N
Harney County Y Y Y Y N
Harrisburg Y Y Y Y N
Heppner Y Y Y Y N
Hermiston Y Y Y Y N
Ione Y Y Y Y N
Irrigon Y Y Y Y N
Island City Y Y Y Y N
Jacksonville Y Y Y Y N
Jefferson County Y Y Y Y N
John Day Y Y Y Y N
Jordan Valley Y Y Y Y N
Joseph Y Y Y Y N
Junction City Y Y Y Y N
Klamath County Y Y Y Y N
Klamath Falls Y Y Y Y N
LaGrande Y Y Y Y N
Lake County Y Y Y Y N
Lake Oswego Y Y Y Y N
Lexington Y Y Y Y N
Long Creek Y Y Y Y N
Lostine Y Y Y Y N
Lyons Y Y Y Y N
Malheur County Y Y Y Y N
Marion County Y Y Y Y N
Maupin Y Y Y Y N
Merrill Y Y Y Y N
Mill City Y Y Y Y N
Millersburg Y Y Y Y N
Milton-Freewater Y Y Y Y N
Monument Y Y Y Y N
Moro Y Y Y Y N
Morrow County Y Y Y Y N
Mount Angel Y Y Y Y N


Affected City/County Producer Prohibited (Y/N) Processor Prohibited (Y/N) Wholesale Prohibited (Y/N) Retail Prohibited (Y/N) To Be Put On 2018 General Election (Y/N)
Mount Vernon Y Y Y Y N
North Powder Y Y Y Y N
Nyssa Y Y Y Y N
Ontario Y Y Y Y N
Prairie City Y Y Y Y N
Richland Y Y Y Y N
Rufus Y Y Y Y N
Sandy Y Y Y Y N
Scott Mills Y Y Y Y N
Shady Cove Y Y Y Y N
Shaniko Y Y Y Y N
Sherman County Y Y Y Y N
Sherwood Y Y Y Y N
Spray Y Y Y Y N
Sublimity Y Y Y Y N
Summerville Y Y Y Y N
Sutherlin Y Y Y Y N
Ukiah Y Y Y Y N
Umatilla Y Y Y Y N
Umatilla County Y Y Y Y N
Union Y Y Y Y N
Union County Y Y Y Y N
Vale Y Y Y Y N
Wallowa Y Y Y Y N
Wallowa County Y Y Y Y N
Wasco City Y Y Y Y N
West Linn Y Y Y Y N
Wilsonville Y Y Y Y N
Wheeler County Y Y Y Y N


Cities Counties Total
No Voter Referral 73 16 89
2018 Voter Referral 2 0 2
Total 75 16 91

Contact the individual city or county directly for a copy of their local ordinance or for the text of the measure (if applicable).

If you are aware of any discrepancies contact us at

The most recent addition is highlighted for your convenience.

7 in 10 Californians 21 & Older Ready to Use Cannabis Products Recreationally

CALIFORNIA: Enlucem, a strategic brand consultancy currently advising startups in the cannabis space, announced today the results of a detailed consumer study of Californians’ attitudes toward cannabis products.

Results of the 800-person survey found that the market potential for medical marijuana and other future cannabis products in California is staggering – between 15 million and 21 million adults over 21 years of age. While 39% of Californians already use cannabis, another 44% are non-users interested in trying it now that it’s recreationally legal. Last November, California’s legislature legalized cannabis in a state where nearly 1 in 8 Americans live.

“These new potential customers are different than current users. They represent a different demographic, they favor alternative formats to smoking, and look for different cannabis benefits,” notes Ana Hory, CEO of Enlucem.

Key findings of the research include:

  • 83% of California residents are willing to try or use Cannabis
    • 54% of them are female, 54% are 40 years of age or younger, 40% have kids living in the household, most have incomes over $90,000
  • Consumers’ top health issues that medical marijuana can alleviate include Pain (58%), Stress (54%) and Insomnia (49%)
  • Cannabis brand awareness remains very low (49% didn’t know any brands)
  • Most consumers are interested in edible (62%) and topical products (44%), though heavy users (use daily or almost every day) still prefer smoking (75%)
  • The large majority of survey respondents use or plan to use medical marijuana, while a smaller group will use cannabis recreationally
  • Five unique persona segments have been identified for brand targeting

Hory’s motivation for the study was driven by cannabis benefits such as improved health and mental well-being. It’s a view shared by Jordan Tishler, MD, a Harvard Medical School graduate and founder of inhaleMD, a Massachusetts doctors group focused on medical marijuana access.

“I find Cannabis to be very helpful to patients with chronic pain, insomnia, anxiety and depression, and anorexia. In many cases, Cannabis is more successful than conventional medications, with fewer side effects,” says Tishler.

The study’s results came as a welcome surprise to Tripp Keber, co-founder and CEO of Dixie Brands, a large manufacturer of cannabis products in Colorado, with presence in California via a licensee.

“We see California as a key market for us, but it is one that clearly needs more data and research on how best to serve its massive consumer base. Enlucem’s research is some of the first and only comprehensive data we have seen coming from California and we look forward to gaining more insight into the next frontier of adult use cannabis.”

Brendan Kennedy, CEO of Privateer Holdings, the world’s first private equity firm to invest exclusively in cannabis brands, added that, “This research is another example proving our thesis that cannabis is a mainstream product consumed by mainstream people. Individuals from all walks of life consume cannabis for all different reasons. The typical cannabis consumer is not who you might think. The research shows how critical it is for cannabis brands to evolve how they position themselves with different demographics.”

For more information about the study, contact Ana Hory at


Recent Recreational And Legal Marijuana Expansions Boost Cannabis Related Travel Experiences

FLORIDA: Cannabis companies are capitalizing on the overwhelming growth and demand throughout the industry, creating unique services and products that are producing significant revenue streams.

One of the fastest growing sectors in leisure travel appears to be the legal cannabis industry that targets individuals who want to learn more about potential investment opportunities in the cannabis and legal marijuana business market space, while experiencing a Napa Valley type of luxury vacation. Puration, Inc and ML Capital Group have partnered to introduce Cannabis Tourism to the New York Times reported 1.2 billion international travelers worldwide.

The Cannabis Tourism Service will initially target what the Denver Post reported as Colorado’s $19 billion tourism industry. Additional Cannabis Tour destinations are in the works.

Half Of Americans Continue To Support Legalizing Recreational Marijuana

NEW YORK: As of last month’s elections, four more states voted to decriminalize marijuana for both medical and recreational use, bringing the grand total to 8 states that have legalized recreational marijuana (9, including Washington D.C.).  The Harris Poll revisited the topic of legalized marijuana this month and found that, even with more states joining the legalization movement, American sentiments have largely remained the same since last observed in February 2015.

The recent poll revealed that about 8 in 10 adults support the legalization of marijuana for medical treatment (82% 2016; 81% 2015), while half of Americans support legalizing marijuana for recreational use (50%; 49% respectively). Just over 2 in 5 adults (42%) oppose the legalization of marijuana for recreational use, particularly those ages 65 and older (56% oppose).

These are some of the results of The Harris Poll® of 2,054 U.S. adults aged 18+ surveyed online between December 8 and 12, 2016. Complete results of the study can be found here.

Decisions, decisions
Whether or not you believe marijuana should be legalized for any reason, there is a larger question also at hand: who should decide whether or not to legalize the substance, the federal government on behalf of all states or state governments each for themselves?  Just over a third of adults feel the decision should be made at the federal level (35% in 2016 and 2015), but the number who favor the states retaining the right to make this decision has increased from 44% in 2015 to 48% now.

If marijuana were to be legalized, it has the potential to have implications far beyond a simple change of legality. About seven in ten adults believe that legalized marijuana will lead to increases in tax revenue (71%), the amount of marijuana used (71%), and the number of marijuana users (69%). Meanwhile, about six in ten expect increases in tourism to states where recreational marijuana usage is legal (64%) and greater consistency/standardization of the marijuana used (57%).

Alcohol consumption implications
When it comes to the potential impact of marijuana legalization on alcohol consumption, most regular drinkers (adults ages 21+ who drink alcohol at least several times a year), say that marijuana legalization would not impact their personal consumption of alcoholic beverages.  81% of regular beer and spirit drinkers and 85% of regular wine drinkers say that legalization of marijuana would not impact, or has not impacted (for those states where it has already been legalized), their consumption of alcohol.  Of the balance, more say they will decrease their alcohol consumption than say they will increase their consumption.

However, according to Danny Brager, SVP of Nielsen’s Beverage Alcohol Practice, “It is very noteworthy that some pockets of consumers – across various age groups, income groups, and gender – responded in much more significant numbers that their consumption of alcohol may be impacted by marijuana legalization. To the extent that some of these consumer demographics are very important to each adult beverage category, marijuana legalization may have some adverse impacts on alcohol consumption.”


Digipath’s Todd Denkin On The Passage of Recreational Cannabis in Nevada and Impact On Lab Testing Market

NEVADA: Digipath, an independent cannabis lab testing and media firm, believes that Nevada’s recent approval of the recreational use of cannabis will push the industry to more standardized lab testing practices, resulting in a highly favorable long-term impact on Nevada’s cannabis lab testing market.

The combination of shifting public opinion and success experienced over the past two years by legal medical and recreational cannabis states has given rise to the passage of new cannabis regulations and has offered voters the confidence to pass new legislative initiatives, as reflected by the outcome of the 2016 elections. In the recent November elections, Nevada residents voted to legalize recreational cannabis, a move that enables the state’s 42 million yearly visitors to purchase and consume marijuana legally. Nevada, along with California, Massachusetts, and Maine now join Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska in legalizing marijuana for adult recreational use.

Recreational cannabis in Nevada is estimated to generate more than $1.1 billion in tax revenue and economic activity over the course of the law’s initial eight years, according to a study by Las Vegas-based RCG Economics. For the first 18 months after the legalization of recreational marijuana, current medical marijuana state registration certificate holders (dispensary owners) will have priority on building new facilities for recreational marijuana. That includes new dispensaries, cultivation and testing facilities, and manufacturing facilities for paraphernalia.

Todd Denkin, President and COO of Digipath, commented, “As the Nevada recreational market becomes operational, the increase in the number of potential consumers and cultivation facilities is expected to push the industry’s focus towards more standardized cannabis lab testing and recognition of the value of the data collected through the testing process in ensuring consumer safety. Commercial cannabis cultivators and producers understand that laboratory testing is one of the vital platform technologies in the cannabis marketplace, and it must become standardized, consistent, and robust in order to maintain the long term health of the cannabis industry.”

LCB Says Licensed Marijuana Canopy Enough To Meet WA Recreational And Medical Marijuana Market Demand

WASHINGTON: The amount of marijuana allowed to be grown by state-licensed producers in Washington is enough to satisfy both the medical and recreational marijuana markets, a University of Washington study finds.

The state Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB) tasked the UW-based Cannabis Law and Policy Project (CLPP) with calculating the “grow canopy,” or square footage, required to supply the state’s medical marijuana market as it becomes folded into the state’s retail system, as required by the 2015 Cannabis Patient Protection Act. The group’s report estimates that between 1.7 and 2 million square feet — or the equivalent of 30 to 34 football fields — of plants is needed to satisfy the medical marijuana market, and concludes that the 12.3 million square feet of canopy currently approved by the LCB is enough to supply the state’s total marijuana market.

Beau Whitney, a leading economist in the cannabis space, has looked into the proposed expansion of the retail stores thinks that is misleading, “Sure on the surface, there is enough supply to support the expansion, but the system is unsustainable at the current tax level of 37% + 9% local tax. With such high levels of taxation, we are looking at sustaining over $320M in black market demand-based activities. The only way to ensure a viable retail system is by lowering prices, through reduced taxes, and driving more people into the regulated systems.”

Mr. Whitney recently published a white paper on the Oregon retail market, and will publish a Washington retail white paper in early June. He is also the VP of Regulatory (Compliance) and Governmental Affairs for Golden Leaf Holdings. 

Medical marijuana dispensaries must either obtain a state license or close by July 1, 2016. Of the 343 retail stores licensed by the LCB, approximately 81 percent have sought endorsements to their license to sell marijuana to authorized medical patients.

“It was important to design this study the right way and engage in careful empirical research reaching out directly to medical dispensaries and growers across the state,” said Sean O’Connor, principal investigator for the report, CLPP faculty director and Boeing International Professor at UW Law.

CLPP Executive Director Sam Mendez described the survey process: “There’s no master list of these dispensaries, so we used a variety of resources to identify as many as possible. Once the survey was complete, we applied the findings to other published research regarding averages of marijuana output per square foot, outdoor and indoor growing market share and amounts used for edibles and concentrates to reach our estimates.”

The report found that:

  • There were an estimated 273 medical marijuana dispensaries in Washington in January 2016
  • Dispensaries sell an average of 9.55 pounds of marijuana flower monthly
  • The average price of marijuana per gram sold by these dispensaries is less than $10
  • Marijuana flower comprises 60 percent of sales at dispensaries, followed by concentrates (22 percent) and edibles (18 percent)
  • The potential market value based on 10 million square feet of canopy is more than $8 billion

Study Methodology

Determining the size of Washington’s medical marijuana market was no easy task for the UW team, since dispensaries and collective gardens have gone mostly unregulated until recently. The UW researchers, which included five law students, started by compiling a list of possible Washington dispensaries using the databases of three websites —, and — among other sources. They came up with 467 possible contacts and called them for phone surveys in January and February 2016.

Interviewees were asked whether the dispensary grows its own marijuana, how much marijuana it sells, the average price of various products and what proportion of sales are flower, edibles, tinctures and concentrates, among other questions. Some refused to participate. Others did not appear to be affiliated with a dispensary or seemed to be out of business. The researchers also posted an online survey, sending it to all applicants for recreational marijuana retail licenses and promoting it widely through social media. All told, they found 273 likely dispensaries.

A report released in December 2015 by BOTEC Analysis Corp. estimated that the state’s marijuana market is divided roughly into thirds for medical, recreational and illicit use. Since February 2014, as an interim policy, the LCB has restricted marijuana producers to a single license. That decision will later be put into rule.

The Cannabis Law and Policy Project was launched in 2014 to provide thoughtful leadership on the responsible development of recreational and medical marijuana industries in Washington State and across the country. The group, which is based in the UW School of Law, but draws on experts in various other departments, focuses on advising the state on regulatory issues related to marijuana.


The report’s lead authors are O’Connor and Mendez, with contributing law student authors Ada Danelo, Harry Fukano, Kyle Johnson, Chad Law and Daniel Shortt. Dr. Nephi Stella, a professor in the UW School of Medicine, was a consultant on the report.

Recreational Marijuana Tax Begins In Oregon

OREGON: Starting this week, recreational marijuana sales in Oregon will be taxed at 25 percent.   Ever since medical marijuana dispensaries began selling recreational pot on October 1, the sales have been tax-free.

The 25 percent tax applies to all recreational sales through the end of 2016.

Later this year, the Oregon Liquor Control Commission will start licensing retail stores. Stores that become licensed will have a reduction in their pot sales taxes — to 17 percent.

Local governments can also adopt an additional local tax up to three percent.  Since October, sales have been limited to what cannabis produces, such as leaves, flowers, and seeds.

San Francisco Prepares For Legalization Of Recreational Marijuana Use

CALIFORNIA:  Expecting California voters will legalize recreational marijuana use next year, San Francisco is assembling a task force to propose regulations for the industry, addressing everything from drug potency to where pot businesses can locate.

Cancer survivors, those living with HIV, business owners and medical marijuana dispensary operators were among the 48 applicants vying for 14 seats on the newly created Cannabis State Legalization Task Force. The body will advise the Board of Supervisors on regulating the marijuana industry.

On Thursday, after more than five hours, the board’s Rules Committee selected 11 people to serve on the task force, postponing a decision on who should serve on three other seats to a another day. The full board is expected to approve the task force members next week, and the task force is expected to hold its first meeting in January.

Erich Pearson, founder of SPARC, one of San Francisco’s largest dispensaries, said the biggest issue facing the task force, which he will serve on, is changes to land use controls to allow for more pot businesses. “We need to determine how many cannabis users we are going to have in San Francisco and how many stores that’s going to take to distribute that cannabis once it’s legal,” Pearson said.